Ignoring Plant-Powered Marketing is a BIG Missed Steak
05 May 2021
Leah Kendall, delves into the world of Vegan brands and their marketing strategies, which have contributed to their exponential growth. What can we expect now from larger manufacturers, and can they challenge the… challengers?
The Good News
It’s no longer weird to be vegan. It’s not even just a January best-intentions-new-year-resolutions thing. Veganism is officially mainstream. A long-standing monthly challenge, where previous meat or dairy eaters opt to forgo animal-based food products for the month, had 582,000 people from 209 countries and territories who took part in Veganuary 2021, breaking all previous records. What’s perhaps more telling is that of those participants, 40% intended to stick to their vegan diet, and 85% of participants will permanently change their diet either by staying vegan or at least halving their intake of animal products.
1000heads looked at favourable mentions over time during a brand fame analysis of some of the biggest meat-free food brands in the world (from Beyond Meat to Linda McCartney). Interestingly, November saw the most significant peak in mentions, suggesting that meat-free foods now mirror mainstream food brands in that Christmas is the most critical driver of demand and conversation.
The market is taking note. The alternative protein industry raised $3.1 billion in investments in 2020 – three times more than in any single year in the industry’s history. Veganism is very much a big business. According to Mintel, UK sales of meat-free foods increased by 22% between 2013 and 2018. What’s more, one in six food products launched in the UK in 2018 had a vegan or ‘no animal’ ingredients claim, doubling from just 8% in 2015. As of 2020, every major supermarket in the UK had its vegan range. As for the impact of the pandemic? Between January 2020 and 2021, Deliveroo revealed its vegan takeaway orders shot up by 163%.
What’s Driving The Demand?
In short, the answer is not necessarily as straight forward as more vegans (though there are more). According to the Veganuary 2021 survey, motivations for going vegan stem from wanting to be kinder to animals (46%), personal health (22%) and the environment (21%), which are, of course, universal consumer motivations to varying degrees. The significant shift in consumer demand is not the rise of Veganism but that of flexitarianism. Sainsbury’s ‘Future of Food’ report states that “Vegans and vegetarians look set to make up a quarter of the British population in 2025, and flexitarians just under half of all UK consumers”. The desire to eat fewer animal products and not no animal products suggest the most significant product marketing opportunity. Marketing to highly moral, highly targetted consumers is easy; your consumers don’t want to eat animal products; you talk about how your products meet that need. But vegan marketing without honest communication, that’s much harder…
Challengers To The Front
This magic formula of controversy, playfulness and social media first marketing is winning the battle with consumers. Challenger brands embrace the slight distrust of their products and send it up to create advocates, all ready to welcome them just how they are.
One brand doing so successfully is Oatly. Instead of normalising the drinking of oat milk, they are denormalising the drinking of cows milk. It’s a bold tactic, relying on their consumer audience having a shared sense of humour and desire not to take themselves too seriously. They’re not trying to shame anyone, but they are trying to provoke what can only be described as ‘the ickiness’ of it all.
Clever copywriting such as “It’s like milk, but made for humans”, coupled with an ‘Oat-Punk’ attitude on their social channels, which frankly reads like they don’t give a crap whether you buy their product or not are bringing consumers to the fold. In possibly their bravest move to date, Oatly printed feedback from a consumer saying that plant-based milk tastes like ‘shit’ on their packaging.
Oatly is fierce and fearless in their marketing because they can afford to be. They are a challenger brand in a challenger space. Not all brands can afford to behave with this much reckless abandon; they have audiences to maintain who come with expectations of what they want from them. However, what Oatly and a lot of FMCG marketing in the space have in common is what they call their products…
Language is essential in the meat-free circle. Not long ago, it was strange to be vegan, garnering images of seed-eating, sandal-wearing outsiders (no disrespect whatsoever to sandal obsessives or legume lovers). The term ‘vegan’ itself can still be a loaded term. To combat this, brands turned to alternative terms such as “meat-free” to distinguish themselves from dated stereotypes. However, with “meat-free” suggesting some form of ‘lack’, it is “plant-based”, which is winning the product marketing word-steaks (pun intended) by positioning vegan food as a lifestyle choice rather than a deliberate omission.
But language has a different role in plant-powered marketing, and that is the role of the word-play. It’s milk, but it’s legally not allowed to be called milk, so it’s Mylk. It’s not meat, but better, so it’s Beyond Meat. It’s so close to a beef burger; you could even say it’s impossibly so, so it’s the Impossible Burger. Brands are managing to insert the non-vegan item into their brand name and are doing so artfully. The latest advertising launch from Meatless Farm banked on this love of naughty language when they launched their latest campaign, leading with the tagline “This is M… F… Meaty Mince”. On social, this has exciting possibilities (and not just getting around rules around swearing on social), making the tone of voice a vital part of the brand personality. Food and Beverage brands have always relied on injecting fun through word-play, but for vegan, plant-based, meat-free alternative products, this is rich territory.
Then, there’s Beyond Meat, whose marketing strategy does touch on the benefits of not eating meat through stats and graphs that encourage consumers to think differently about food. But for them, it’s all about behaving as close to the real thing as possible. Think big juicy, cheesy, bleeding burgers. Think TikToks and Reels dedicated to replicating the famous burgers of New York diners. Influencers, imitating a Big Mac with nothing but some plant food. It’s all about getting us as close to the real deal as possible. Nothing is missing; you can eat everything you used to, only better, with more health and planet conscious decisions.
For social media marketing, this presents an exciting opportunity for brands. The whole world of vegan food is an experiment. It means that brands like Quorn can introduce their twist on Turkey Dinosaurs and call them ‘Roarsomes’, and it also means that Oatly can be outright punk and not risk alienating their consumer base. Due to being innovative in space, these brands can afford to be daring in their marketing too.
What Happens Now?
Buoyed by the success of challenger brands in the space, commercial brands and Supermarkets have followed suit. With Asda trialing a vegan butchers in Watford and Gregg’s expanding their vegan offering, the popularity of vegan and meat-alternative products does not look like it’s slowing down any time soon. Giant corporations such as Unilever and Nestle are expanding their plant-based offerings to meet this consumer demand. As they do so, they should bear two critical pieces of advice in mind:
- Do not play at being a challenger brand but do learn from them. Use playful language to stand out from the noise and adopt some punk attitude, but accept the role as a leader in the industry. A key barrier to consumers wishing to adopt a more meat-free lifestyle has always been convenience. Big brands have this and can use it to their advantage.
- Find your tribe. This space has a passionate, informed community aware of the brand history. Therefore, they may ask difficult questions about the source of their food (vegan or otherwise). Identifying community members who can transparently and authentically advocate for the benefits of your offering will be essential. If you can show value and insert your brand into the broader conversation about Veganism, as an innovator, both internally and in the consumers’ world, you will bring consumers along for the journey.
🥦Vegan and meat-alternative foods are here to stay. If you want to watch the vegan revolution happening in real-time, check out our Brand Fame Dashboard. It’s completely dynamic, meaning you can track social conversation over time to show the brands leading Social Media advocacy in the industry.
Spoiler: With 75% of favourable mentions in Feb 2021, Beyond Meat has got it down.🥦